At Eye Care Physicians and Surgeons our team can perform a comprehensive eye exam. Our eye exam can include the following eye tests:

  • Visual Acuity Test: During this test we will have the patient look at a chart to measure the sharpness of your vision. We will conduct this test on each eye separately to measure your near vision. This is when you close one eye and read the letters off of the chart in front of you.
  • Color Blindness Test: This is a simple screening that will be performed to make sure you are not color blind. Even if you are not color blind this test will allow our doctor to foresee any possible eye health problems that may affect your color vision in the future.
  • Cover Test: This allows our doctor to see how your eyes work together. This test is performed by having a patient stare at a place on the wall and then each eye is covered separately to test if your uncovered eye must move to pick up the fixation target. This can indicate strabismus or binocular vision. This can cause eye strain or amblyopia (“lazy eye”). This test is done up close as well.
  • Retinoscopy: This test helps determine an approximate eyeglass prescription. The doctor looks how the light reflect from your eye as lenses are flip in a machine in front of your eyes. This is useful for children and patients who are not able to vocalize answers to doctors questions.
  • Refraction: This test determines your eyeglass prescription. An instrument is put in front of your eyes that is called a phoropter. As the lenses are switched the patient will tell the doctor which choice looks clearer. Based on the patient’s answer the most accurate eyeglass prescription will be given. This also helps determine a patient’s level of hyperopia (farsightedness), myopia (nearsightedness), astigmatism and presbyopia.
  • Autorefractors and Aberrometers: This uses a machine to determine your eyeglass prescription.
  • Slit-Lamp Examination: This test is one that focuses on the health of your eyes. The examination gives the doctor a highly magnified view of the structures of your eye. The doctor can detect signs of infection or disease.
  • Pupil Dilation: A doctor gives patients dilating drops to enlarge pupils. Once your pupils are dilated the doctor will look inside of a patient’s eye. This is also used for evaluating risk factors for eye disease and this is the most thorough evaluation of the health inside of your eyes.
  • Visual Field Test: This is when a doctor will test the patient for the possibility of the presence of blind spots (scotomas) in a patient’s peripheral or side vision. Blind spots can originate from eye diseases such as glaucoma.


If you have any eye symptoms or concerns please call  540-409-5254 or 800-381-1186 to schedule your appointment today. We have two locations, Woodstock and Winchester Virginia.